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Types of Personal Injuries

Types Personal Injury | Salinas Trial Lawyer

Most people react to hurt by trying to do something about it, and it is human nature to want to retaliate against those who have hurt us. The laws of the land give us rights, and when one finds themselves damaged, in any way, from the actions of others, a personal injury lawyer is a mechanism for seeking justice. “Personal injury” is a very broad term in the legal sense. From a legal perspective, but in vernacular terms, a personal injury lawyer can advocate for reimbursement for a victim from:

  • Any person, or action, that deliberately causes harm
  • Any person or action, who harms another out of negligence, carelessness, or failure to perform a necessary action
  • Any person or entity, who although is neither responsible or negligent, is nonetheless liable

 

Personal injury law is also known as tort law. This specialty encompasses a wide array of very specific instances that cause harm to others, with two main objectives:

  • Making the injured person “whole”
  • Discouraging and eliminating the offending behavior

 

In general, the type of torts a personal injury attorney handles are:

  • Intentional tort
  • Negligence tort
  • Strict liability tort

 

Physical Harm

The bodily harm resulting from personal injury can range from relatively minor and usually self-limiting injuries such as lacerations, fractures, soft tissue damage, bruises, and inflammation, to long-term, devastating and debilitating injuries such as traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, loss of cognitive function, loss of a limb, third and fourth degree burns, and internal organ damage. 144,000 Texans sustain a traumatic brain injury each year—one every four minutes.

 

Although the most common causes of physical harm are motor vehicle collisions, premises liability issues, construction site accidents, and workplace injuries, physical harm can happen to a person almost anywhere. Working under the wide umbrella of personal injury, in addition to those listed above, attorneys in Texas within this practice areas typically handle such cases as:

 

The ultimate cost of an accident caused by another person is the loss of life. Personal injury litigation in Texas is complex and often multi-faceted, but the law is easy to follow when it comes to the Texas Wrongful Death Act. Under most circumstances, only the surviving spouse, children, or parents may recover compensation.” Although there is nothing any member of the legal profession can do to restore a surviving families’ life to its original luster, giving their collective voice more volume, via litigation, can often bring a measure of closure and justice.

 

Psychological Harm

Mental anguish and psychological harm are very real, serious consequences of a personal injury. Physical harm is objective, but emotional harm is most definitely subjective. Victims may experience panic attacks, anxiety, and mood swings. Pain and fear are a powerful combination. Following an unexpected accident, victims may develop alcohol or drug dependence, and exhibit suicidal ideations. The trauma of an accident can render a victim:

  • Reliving the event in flashbacks and nightmares
  • Experiencing acute anxiety
  • With obvious changes in personality
  • Suffering from sleep disturbances
  • Hesitant to get back behind the wheel of a car
  • Angry and hostile
  • Severely depressed
  • Unable to enjoy life as he or she knew it

 

Social Harm

When an injury leaves a victim with a disfigurement or disability, self-imposed social isolation can have lasting consequences. Embarrassment about disfigurement and constant pain can prevent victims from participating in the social situations that were once a part of daily life. Problems with concentration or memory can make interaction with colleagues problematic, and impaired cognition may limit a person’s ability to pursue educational or career objectives. The inability to live independently, like to address personal hygiene needs, can lead to anger, anxiety, and depression. Changes in the family dynamic are inevitable when an accident victim is unable to return to his or her chosen profession, and the other spouse or partner must assume additional responsibilities. When a husband’s relationship with his wife changes, or when children’s relationships with their parents are thrown off-kilter, life can spiral out of control.

 

Economic Harm

Medical management alone can cost a victim and his or her family hundreds of thousands of dollars. Physicians and hospital bills notwithstanding, following a catastrophic injury, special adaptive equipment and modifications to the family home are often required. Physical and occupational therapy can last indefinitely, and the cost of medications can often be more than the typical family budget can handle.

 

Lost wages, even temporarily, can send families into a tailspin. Consider the costs associated with victims of a brain injury:

  • The annual cost of traumatic brain injury in the United States is estimated to be $48.3 billion
  • The lifetime cost, per person, can be almost $4 million

 

The National Institute Of Neurological Disorders reports eye-opening data as well:

  • There are an estimated 12,000 spinal cord injuries annually
  • The annual cost of managing the care of spinal cord injury is $3 billion

 

Families dealing with the fallout from catastrophic personal injury have to take into consideration some of the long term costs of recovery, such as:

  • Diagnostic testing
  • Educational assessments and job training
  • Mobility devices and maintenance
  • Home care
  • Prosthetic requirements
  • Transportation requirements
  • Adaptive equipment
  • Architectural renovations
  • Aids for independent function
  • Leisure or recreational equipment

 

George SalinasNo matter where or how it happens, an accident is a defining moment. The bottom line is that whoever is found to be responsible is also liable to victims for financial compensation. If you have any questions about the scope of Texas personal injury law and how it may pertain to a particular situation, a trusted, experienced Texas personal injury attorney can help you understand the complex process. More importantly, if you or a loved one has been a victim of personal injury, an attorney can help ensure you are compensated for losses incurred, and help place you in the best possible position for a successful recovery.

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